Russia

US

Canada

Pacific Ocean

Clarion Clipperton

fracture zone

Mineral-rich area

Hawaiian

Islands

Nauru

2,000 km

2,000 miles

Russia

Canada

Pacific Ocean

Clarion Clipperton

fracture zone

Mineral-rich area

US

Japan

Mexico

Hawaiian

Islands

Papua

New Guinea

Nauru

2,000 km

2,000 miles