Human traffickers use a drug-smuggling route to send Afghan migrants overland to Turkey

Some Afghan migrants cross directly into Iran but checkpoints make these routes more dangerous and expensive

Turkey

Van

Afghanistan

Tehran

Iran

Herat

Kandahar

Kerman

Pakistan

Iranshahr

Mashkel

300 km

300 miles

Most migrant journeys start in Afghanistan's Nimruz province. The mountainous route through Pakistan into Iran is also used for drug smuggling and known as the 'golden crescent'

Human traffickers use a drug-smuggling route to send Afghan migrants overland to Turkey

Turkey

Some Afghan migrants cross directly into Iran but checkpoints make these routes more dangerous and expensive

Van

Tehran

Herat

Kabul

Afghanistan

Iran

Pakistan

Kandahar

Nimruz

Kerman

Zahedan

Most migrant journeys start in Afghanistan's Nimruz province

The mountainous route through Pakistan into Iran is also used for drug smuggling and known as the 'golden crescent'

 

Mashkel

Iranshahr

300 km

300 miles