Kurdish-held cities reportedly

entered by Syrian soldiers

Under attack from Turkish forces

Turkey

Proposed Turkish ‘safe zone’

Ras al-Ayn

Qamishli

Jarabulus

Kobane

Tel Abyad

Tal Tamr

Manbij

Ain Issa

Kurdish-controlled

north-east Syria

Raqqa

Syria

Iraq

Deir ez-Zor

Euphrates

100 km

100 miles

Kurdish-held cities reportedly entered by Syrian soldiers

Under attack from Turkish forces

Turkey

Qamishli

Kobane

Ras al-Ayn

Tel Abyad

Jarabulus

Tal Tamr

Manbij

Proposed Turkish

‘safe zone’

Ain Issa

Kurdish-controlled

north-east Syria

Raqqa

Syria

Iraq

Euphrates

50 km

Deir ez-Zor

50 miles