How they compare

Left

Right

Neither

Not

populist

Somewhat

populist

Populist

Very

populist

0.0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

1.8

Hugo Chávez (1996-12)

1.6

Nicolás Maduro (2013-18)

1.5

Evo Morales (2006-09)

1.5

Evo Morales (2015-present)

1.5

Rafael Correa (2007-17)

1.0

AM López Obrador

(2018-present)

1.0

Evo Morales (2010-14)

0.5

Jair Bolsonaro (2019-present)

0.3

Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (2003-10)

0

Mauricio Macri (2015-present)

0

Álvaro Uribe Vélez (2002-10)

0.0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

Not

populist

Somewhat

populist

Populist

Very

populist

Not populist

Somewhat populist

Populist

Very populist

0.0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

1.8

Left

Hugo Chávez (1996-12)

Right

1.6

Neither

Nicolás Maduro (2013-18)

1.5

Evo Morales (2006-09)

1.5

Evo Morales (2015-present)

1.5

Rafael Correa (2007-17)

1.0

Andrés Manuel López Obrador (2018-present)

1.0

Evo Morales (2010-14)

0.5

Jair Bolsonaro (2019-present)

0.3

Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (2003-10)

0

Mauricio Macri (2015-present)

0

Álvaro Uribe Vélez (2002-10)

Not populist

Somewhat populist

Populist

Very populist

0.0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0