Areas of control: Idlib is one of the last rebel-held strongholds

‘Euphrates Shield zone’

(Mixed Turkish and rebel control)

Turkey

Kurdish

control

Aleppo

Raqqa

Idlib

Rebel

control

Regime

control

Syria

Homs

Lebanon

Eastern Ghouta

Damascus

Deraa

Jordan

100 km

100 miles

Turkey

‘Euphrates Shield zone’

(Mixed Turkish and

rebel control)

Kurdish control

Aleppo

Raqqa

Idlib

Rebel control

Regime control

Syria

Homs

Lebanon

Eastern Ghouta

Damascus

Iraq

Deraa

Jordan

100 km

Israel

100 miles