Past and future breeding range of the king penguin

1981–2005

Presence of king penguin breeding

colonies on eight islands

Extent of sea ice

in September

Antarctica

Sea surface temperature 5°C

Projection by 2100 according to the worst-

case greenhouse gas trajectory

Only six breeding sites remain

New sites

Lost

sites

Antarctica

1981–2005

Presence of king penguin breeding

colonies on eight islands

Projection by 2100 according to the worst-

case greenhouse gas trajectory

Only six breeding sites remain

New sites

Lost

sites

Extent of sea ice

in September

Antarctica

Antarctica

Sea surface temperature 5°C