Vladimir Putin watched a display of firepower at the Luga firing range

Estonia

Baltic

Sea

Latvia

Lithuania

Moscow

Kaliningrad

Minsk

Russia

Belarus

Poland

Ukraine

500 km

500 miles

What is Zapad?

Russia’s joint military exercise taking place on the western borders of Russia and Belarus, and in the enclave of Kaliningrad

Who’s involved?

12,700 military personnel with fighter jets, helicopters, tanks and missiles on firing ranges close to EU borders

Nato’s position

Currently a 4,000 strong multinational force is deployed in the Baltics and Poland to counter Russian aggression

The US

Has deployed 600 paratroopers to the Baltic states for the duration of the exercise

What is Zapad?

Russia’s joint military exercise taking place on the western borders of Russia and Belarus, and in the enclave of Kaliningrad

Who’s involved?

12,700 military personnel with fighter jets, helicopters, tanks and missiles on firing ranges close to EU borders

Nato’s position

Currently a 4,000 strong multinational force is deployed in the Baltics and Poland to counter Russian aggression

The US

Has deployed 600 paratroopers to the Baltic states for the duration of the exercise

Finland

Norway

Vladimir Putin watched a display of firepower at the Luga firing range

Helsinki

Oslo

St Petersburg

Tallinn

Stockholm

Baltic

Sea

Estonia

Sweden

Riga

Latvia

Denmark

Lithuania

Moscow

Copenhagen

Kaliningrad

Vilnius

Russia

Minsk

Germany

Belarus

Poland

Berlin

Warsaw

Kiev

Ukraine

300 km

300 miles