With their ‘zweitstimme’ or ‘second vote’, they choose a party. Every party that crosses a 5% threshold gets seats in the Bundestag proportional to its share of second votes. Taking constituency seats into account, the contingents are topped up from party lists

In 2013 the CDU got

relatively few list seats

because it had so many

constituency seats

CDU-CSU

SPD

Others

236 Constituency

58

5

59 List

124

116

With their ‘zweitstimme’ or ‘second vote’, they choose a party. Every party that crosses a 5% threshold gets seats in the Bundestag proportional to its share of second votes. Taking constituency seats into account, the contingents are topped up from party lists

In 2013 the CDU got relatively few list seats

because it had so many constituency seats

CDU-CSU

SPD

Others

236

Constituency

59

List

58

124

5

116

With their ‘zweitstimme’ or ‘second vote’, they choose a party. Every party that crosses a 5% threshold gets seats in the Bundestag proportional to its share of second votes. Taking constituency seats into account, the contingents are topped up from party lists

In 2013 the CDU got relatively few list seats because it had so many constituency seats

CDU-CSU

SPD

Others

236

Constituency

59

List

58

124

5

116