As Nato’s northernmost member Norway is monitoring increased Russian military activity inside the Arctic Circle

The notional Greenland Iceland UK Gap, which Russia’s Murmansk-based Northern Fleet would need to cross to reach the Atlantic, has regained its cold war-era strategic importance

Greenland

Russia

Greenland

Iceland

UK Gap

Murmansk

Norway

Bodo

Iceland

Arctic

Circle

Oslo

Atlantic

Ocean

UK

Greenland

Murmansk

Norway

Bodo

Iceland

Arctic

Circle

Russia

Greenland

Iceland

UK Gap

Oslo

Moscow

Caspian

Sea

UK

Atlantic

Ocean