2 Royal Commissions:
Detention of Children in the Northern Territory (2016)
Aboriginal Deaths in Custody* (1987)
* Has a chapter devoted to juvenile deaths.
'No, let the fucker come through because when he comes through, he will be off balance. I'll pulverise, I'll pulverise the little fucker' Corrections officer, Don Dale, 2016
1 The Numbers
On an average day in Aus (2014/15):
children in detention840
children in community supervision4,760
Total (as of date)5,600
2 In 2014/15, children had been detained for 181 days on average
3 'On the whole, juveniles are more frequently apprehended by police in relation to offences against PROPERTY than offences against the PERSON.'
in Qld, kids can be tried as an adult at 17 instead of the globally recognised age of 18 4
In Aus., kids are deemed to have criminal responsibility from age 10, rather than the internationally acceptable age of 12 5
6 Breakdown by State
Boys were held in an isolation wing for 6-17 DAYS. Max. time legally allowed is 72 HOURS. (Don Dale Detention Centre, NT, 2014) 8
young people were jailed for breaking bail conditions that no longer existed (NSW, 2013)
Detention rate for Indigenous juveniles is
greater than non-Indigenous juveniles
of those in detention were unsentenced.
Indigenous youth were
more likely than non-Indigenous youth to be sent to court rather than cautioned
of those in detention are male.
had been placed in care at some point (NSW, 2009)
Children In Immigration Detention
2 National Inquiries:
The Forgotten Children (2014)
A last resort? (2004)
'We will decide who comes into this country and on what terms.' John Howard, 2001
children on Nauru: (now deemed 'open detention')50
children in Community on 'Bridging Visa E' (can stay while making arrangements to leave, or are waiting for an immigration decision. Full Conditions)4,067
children in Community under a 'Residence Determination' (formerly known as 'community detention')317
Total (as of date) View latest data here4,434
In March 2014, children had been detained for 231 days on average
Aus. is the only country in the world to indefinitely detain children
15 The Effects
Kids who require psychiatric support:
in detention (38%):
in the general community (6%):
'Most people have a level of resilience which allows them to function fairly well for a few months, but after that time there is a steady deterioration... after six months the cumulative harms accelerate very rapidly.' 16
17 From the Nauru Files Read more here >>
reports of assault on children
of the incidents involved children.
reports of self-harm involving children
"Children were especially frightened of the nightly head-counts, with officers flashing torches on them at 11pm and 5am overnight"
One baby was born in detention every 3.5 days (over 15mths in 2013/14)
Because of Australia's policy, some of these children will be stateless 19