Lindsay Poulton, Lily Brazier, Alex Purcell, Iain Chambers, Francesca Panetta
Kiln: Duncan Clark, Robin Houston, Tom Flannery
Stephen Moss, Jay Winter
Eva Krysiak, Frances Perraudin, Nabeelah Shabbir, Kary Stewart, Tim Tyson, Aisha Gani, Phil Lewis, Richard Nelsson, Jim Powell, Cristel Sunter, Luc Torres
Business Language Services
Supported by The British Academy
Karla Mendes with the kind support of Época magazine (Portuguese)
Santanu Das (King’s College London)
Yucel Yanikdag (University of Richmond/Princeton)
Boris Kolonitsky (Saint Petersburg Institute)
Anne Samson (author of books including World War I in Africa)
Jay Winter (Yale University)
Annette Beckker (Historial de la Grande Guerre Museum)
Maurizo Isabella (Queen Mary, University of London)
Hew Strachan (All Souls College, Oxford)
Professor Siegfried Weichlein (Universität Fribourg)
Professor Bruce Scates (National Centre for Australian Studies)
Mariam Haque, Alexander Devrient, Thibaut Remy
Robert Chandler, from Apollinaire (Everyman’s Poetry, 2000)
Otto Dix, War Diary, 1915-16
Punjabi folk song, collected by Amarjit Chandan
Letter written by Aamir Khan, Indian soldier, 129th Baluchis, letter originally written in Urdu (now lost), March, 1915
CD41 Artists Rifles, Vol 1: 1914-1918
From German Soldiers in the Great War, Letters and Eyewitness Accounts, Edited by Berd Ulrich and Benjamin Ziemann, Pen & Sword Military, 2010 (www.pen-and-sword.co.uk)
For the Fallen, CD41 Artists Rifles, Vol 1: 1914-1918
Many of the poems were taken with the kind permission from Modern Poetry in Translation
Estimates for troop numbers and casualties assembled in consultation with Jay Winter, Anne Samson, Christian Koller, Santanu Das and others. Casualty statistics draw on Winter’s research and include sickness and POWs who died in captivity, until mid-1919. Civilian deaths have not been included but outnumber military deaths in some countries.
Other experts and sources we have referred to for statistics on specific countries include the curators and historians from Imperial War Museums, Professor Bruce Scates, David Fitzpatrick, Maurizo Isabella, Eriks Jekabsons, Julia Eichenberg, Tomas Balkelis, David Heal, Lance Janda Yucel Yanikdag, Toomas Hiio, New Zealand History Online and PBS.
This interactive was made in collaboration with Imperial War Museums (IWM), which owns much of the film archive used. On 19 July 2014, for the centenary of the war, a transformed IWM London opened its new First World War Galleries. Researchers for IWM included Corinna Reicher and Paul Cornish.
Extracted from When the Lamps Went Out, edited by Nigel Fountain, is a collection of Guardian reportage from the first world war, covering all aspects of wartime life, with a foreword by Kate Adie. To order a copy for £12.99 (RRP £17.99) click here or call 0330 333 6846. Also available on Kindle.
Share your first world war letters, photographs and stories with GuardianWitness.